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Y chromosome microdeletions, sperm DNA fragmentation and sperm oxidative stress as causes of recurrent spontaneous abortion of unknown etiology

Y chromosome microdeletions, sperm DNA fragmentation and sperm oxidative stress as causes of recurrent spontaneous abortion of unknown etiology

Auhtors: J. Bellver, M. Meseguer, L. Muriel, S. Garcıía-Herrero, Marco Melo, A.L. Garda, J. Remohı, A. Pellicer, N. Garrido

(Human Reproduction 25: 1713-1721, 2010)

Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the implication of male factor, in terms of sperm DNA oxidation and fragmentation, and Y chromosome microdeletions in recurrent spontaneous
abortion (RSA) of unknown origin in a strictly selected cohort.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was carried out in a private universityaffiliated setting. Three groups, each comprised of 30 males, were compared. The first was formed by healthy and fertile sperm donors (SD) with normal sperm parameters (control group), the second by men presenting severe oligozoospermia (SO) without RSA history, and the third by men from couples who had experienced idiopathic RSA. Frequency of Y chromosome microdeletions and mean sperm DNA fragmentation and oxidation were determined.

Results: Y chromosome microdeletions were not detected in any of the males enrolled in the study. Moreover, sperm DNA oxidation measurements were not demonstrated to be relevant to RSA. Interestingly, sperm DNA fragmentation was higher in the SO group than in the RSA and the SD groups, and also higher in the RSA group compared with the SD group, but lacked an adequate predictive power to be employed as a discriminative test of RSA condition.

Conclusions: Sperm DNA features and Y chromosome microdeletions do not seem to be related to RSA of unknown origin. Other molecular features of sperm should be studied to determine their possible
influence on RSA.

Keywords: recurrent spontaneous abortion / semen / Y chromosome microdeletions / spermDNAfragmentation / sperm oxidative stress